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Sheikh Khalifa Zayed, pioneer of the United Arab Emirates, dies at 73

Sheikh Khalifa Zayed, pioneer of the United Arab Emirates, dies at 73

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — The leader and president of the United Arab Emirates in the Middle East, Sheikh Khalifa, leader and president Zayed Al Nahyan, kicked the bucket on Friday, the government said in a brief communicated. He was 73 years old.

Sheikh Khalifa has managed much of the country's painful financial development and his name has been deified on the world's tallest structure, the Burj Khalifa, following an obligation to rescue a wounded Dubai during its financial crisis 10 years ago. .

However, after suffering a stroke and undergoing emergency medical intervention in 2014, 10 years after assuming the presidency, he no longer had any influence in the day-to-day affairs of running the country.

The last decade of his life saw his half-brother, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed Zayed, become the true ruler and leader of major international strategic decisions, such as joining a Saudi-led war in Yemen and initiate membership ban. Qatar. Lately, the Crown Sovereign, also the incomparable representative of the military officer, has spearheaded the UAE's growing ties with Israel after the two normalized relations in 2020.

The United Arab Emirates reported a 40-day mourning and a three-day work stoppage across public administration and the private sector, including banners to be lowered to half-mast.

There was no quick statement on a replacement, although Sheik Mohammed's Zayed boat is expected to provide stewardship during a period of high oil prices, helping the UAE's purchasing power.

"The UAE has lost a faithful child and the leader of its honorable empowerment project," Sheikh Mohammed Container Zayed wrote on Twitter after his brother's death was officially reported in state media. "Khalifa container Zayed, my brother, ally and coach, may Allah Almighty grant you eternal harmony."

In a proclamation, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken described Sheikh Khalifa as "a true partner of the United States", adding that the United States remains committed to his unwavering kinship and collaboration with the United Arab Emirates. Vice President Kamala Harris also expressed her condolences.

The ties between the Biden organization and the leaders of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which have not joined US efforts to withdraw Russia amid their conflict in Ukraine, have been highlighted.

Messages of condolences also poured in from across the district and the world, first from the leaders of the Abu Dhabi-backed Bedouin nations. Iran's state news agency IRNA said the country's unknown priest, Hossein Amirabdollahian, also expressed his condolences.

Sheikh Khalifa was the eldest son of container ruler Sheikh Zayed Al Nahyan, generally beloved by Emiratis as the country's chief architect. The alliance recently celebrated its fiftieth commemoration.

Although he had been out of sight since his stroke, the image of Sheikh Khalifa was universal, gracing every hostel campaign and major government offices across the country. From time to time, Emirati state media have released intriguing photos and recordings of Sheikh Khalifa.

The president stands firmly on the most important base among the seven semi-independent cities of the United Arab Emirates, which stretches along the shores of the Persian Cove and the Bay of Oman. Typically, the president hails from Abu Dhabi, the largest and most extravagant of the seven emirates. The vice-president and head of state is from Dubai, titles now held by the receptacle of Sheikh Mohammed Rashid Al Maktoum.

Regardless of its size and abundance, Abu Dhabi often ends up being eclipsed by the fabulous emirate of Dubai, the business center that embodies both the grand dreams of the United Arab Emirates and, at times, unrealistic fantasies based on bonds, including an artificial island in the shape of a monstrous palm tree. which remains empty long after its development.

Whatever provincial power and impact the UAE has comes from Abu Dhabi, which holds the majority of the country's oil and gas reserves. Dubai offers the UAE a whirlwind of headline-grabbing exhibits and lifestyles and amusing stories that express the freedoms the groups deal with in the questionable approaches chosen by Abu Dhabi.

As Dubai's fortunes plummeted along with the global economy in 2009, Sheikh Khalifa led efforts to protect

ar the organization diverts billions of dollars in crisis rescue assets to Dubai. The two emirates are not necessarily in all cases totally in agreement on international strategic choices and compete economically. In 2003, Sheik Khalifa commissioned production from another airline, Etihad Aviation Routes, which rivals the much larger Emirates Air in Dubai.

Sheikh Khalifa gradually used Abu Dhabi's abundance of oil to attract social and academic approaches, for example part of the historic center of the Louvre and the satellite grounds of New York University and the Sorbonne. He also managed the OPEC country's efforts to overcome its dependence on petrodollars with interests in sustainable energy research. Last year, the United Arab Emirates committed to net zero emissions by 2050, even as its interest in oil and gas increases.

He is credited with managing the creation and development of the Abu Dhabi Speculation Authority, currently one of the largest assets of sovereign wealth in the world with nearly $700 billion in resources, as indicated by the Sovereign Assets Organization indicators.

Sheikh Khalifa was born in 1948 in the inner desert garden of Al Ain, near the line with the Sultanate of Oman. It was prepared at Sandhurst, the Imperial military foundation in Britain.

In 1969, Sheikh Khalifa was appointed head of state of Abu Dhabi and head of the emirate's protection branch, which later became the center of the United Arab Emirates military.

Khalifa has helped raise the UAE's provincial profile by bolstering its military through massive purchases from American arms manufacturers. He put fighter jets in the NATO-led mission against Muammar Gaddafi's establishment in Libya in 2011. In 2014, the Emirates became one of the most distinctive Bedouin members of the United States.

US Secretary of the Guard Lloyd Austin said the United States would respect Sheikh Khalifa's legacy "through our strong protective partnership with the Emirates in the Middle East". The chief of the American headquarters in the Middle East, General Michael Kurilla, declared that "the essential organization between the armed forces of our two nations is ironclad". He had a meeting in Abu Dhabi with his crown chief on Thursday.

While the decision of the sheikhs of the United Arab Emirates remains close to absolute power, Sheikh Khalifa has launched a test with the races by allowing the restricted vote, by a handpicked electorate, for approximately 50% of the people of a body governmental advisory body with 40 seats. in 2006. The resulting rounds of decisions in 2011 and 2015 failed to attract even two out of five of those lucky enough to vote.

The UAE has seen none of the Bedouin Spring street fighting that rocked other parts of the region, but after that heartbreak Sheikh Khalifa led a crackdown on Islamists and other militants in the country , drawing reports from international freedoms rallies. The United Arab Emirates, which sees Islamist developments as a threat to its decision-making system, also confirmed efforts in the district to suppress the Muslim community, recalling Egypt.

Under his administration, the UAE joined Saudi Arabia in sending proxies to Bahrain to quell an uprising there by the country's largest Shia population demanding greater privileges from the island country's Sunni initiative.

Questions were raised during Khalifa's standard over the UAE's use of workers from unknown military projects, including one linked to former Blackwater security firm pioneer Erik Sovereign, who moved to Abu Dhabi in 2009.

A US political liaison revealed by WikiLeaks in 2010 uncharitably described the president as "an aloof and uncharismatic character".

Sheikh Khalifa has been accepted as one of the world's most extravagant rulers with an individual fortune valued by Forbes magazine in 2008 at $19 billion. He assembled a royal residence in Seychelles, a country in the Indian Sea island chain, and faced objections there for causing water pollution from the construction site.

His own life was little known to the public. Like others in the Bay States of the Middle East, he was active in the traditional game of falconry and was said to enjoy fishing. He is known to have fathered eight children, two boys and six girls, with his most memorable wife, Sheikha Shamsa bint Suhail Al Mazrouei. It is also due to certain

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